In the mid-to-late 2000s, many English-language publishers of manga also published manhwa (Korean comics) as well. Manhwa never found the same widespread acceptance with American readers that Naruto, Vampire Knight, or Attack on Titan did, but it nonetheless remains an important part of the history of comics globalization. Below are a list of manhwa-related resources in English. Please feel free to suggest additions to this list.
100 Years of Manhwa: An overview of the manhwa industry, beginning with the very first Korean comics (ca. 1909) and covering the major stages of the medium’s development. The article includes a helpful timeline correlating major events in twentieth-century Korean history with industry trends.
Great General Mighty Wing: Artist Cho Pyong Kwon’s introduction to the agit-prop comic from North Korea (c. 1994). The article provides an overview of the manhwa industry from the 1960s to the present, with special attention to the role of the manhwabang, or rental shop, in popularizing the medium.
An Introduction to Korean Webtoons: Hana Lee provides an overview of the digital comics scene in Korea, highlighting several popular series and discussing webtoons’ growing importance in the Korean market.
Make Mine Manhwa: Exporting Korean Comics: Author Paul Gravett explores the challenges of marketing Korean comics in the United States and Europe. The essay includes a profile of San-Ho Kim, a manhwa artist who emigrated to the US in the 1960s; Kim wrote a number of series for the now-defunct American publisher Charlton Comics.
A Short History of Manhwa: Blogger Kim Nahko translates a series of brief essays on manhwa’s past and present; the essays originally appeared in La dynamique de la bande desinnee coreene, a catalog accompanying an exhibition at the 2003 Angouleme International Comics Festival. Other articles from this anthology include: